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1689 Baptist Confession Chapter 8: Of Christ the Mediator - Commentary

...style="text-align: center;"She will bear a son, and you shall call his name Jesus, for he will save his people from their sins.

(Matthew 1:21)

Footnotes

  1. ^ Many Scriptural references have been supplied by Samuel Waldron’s Modern Exposition of 1689 Baptist Confession of Faith which was apparently supplied by the Westminster Confession of Faith 1646.
  2. a, b, c, d, e, f, g, h, i, j, k, l, m, n, o, p, q, r, s, t, u, v Albert Barnes’ Notes on the Bible. Taken from the TheWord Bible Software. In loc.
  3. a, b, c, d Philip Schaff. A Popular Commentary on the New Testament. Taken from the TheWord Bible Software. In loc.
  4. a, b, c, d Matthew Poole. English Annotations on the Holy Bible. Taken from the TheWord Bible Software. In loc.
  5. ^ Joseph Henry Thayer’s Greek Definitions. Taken from the TheWord Bible Software. See reference for the Strong’s number.
  6. a, b, c, d, e, f, g John Gill. Exposition of the Entire Bible. Taken from the TheWord Bible Software. In loc.
  7. ^ Heir.
  8. a, b Jamieson, Fausset, Brown. Commentary Critical and Explanatory on the Whole Bible (Full). Taken from the TheWord Bible Software. In loc.
  9. ^ Mickelson’s Enhanced Strong’s Greek and Hebrew Dictionaries. Taken from the TheWord Bible Software. See reference for the Strong’s number.
  10. a, b, c, d Charles J. Ellicott. Commentary For English Readers. Taken from the TheWord Bible Software. In loc.
  11. a, b, c, d, e, f, g, h, i, j, k, l Joseph Henry Thayer’s Greek Definitions. Taken from the TheWord Bible Software. See reference for the Strong’s number.
  12. ^ Cited from Wayne Grudem. Systematic Theology: An Introduction to Biblical Doctrine. (Grand Rapids, MI: Zondervan, 1994). pp. 556-557. The content within the brackets is Grudem’s.
  13. ^ The Cambridge Bible for Schools and Colleges. Edited by J. J. S. Perowne. Taken from the TheWord Bible Software. In loc.
  14. a, b, c, d John Calvin. Commentaries. Taken from the TheWord Bible Software. In loc.
  15. ^ William Robertson Nicoll. The Expositor’s Greek Testament. Taken from the TheWord Bible Software. In loc.
  16. ^ Penal substitutionary atonement.
  17. ^ Heinrich Meyer. Critical and Exegetical NT. Taken from the TheWord Bible Software. In loc.
  18. ^ Grudem, Systematic Theology. Chapter 28, p. 609, n. 3.
  19. ^ Ibid., Chapter 28, p. 615.
  20. ^ The Free Dictionary. Intercede.
  21. ^ Ibid., Intercession.
  22. ^ Matt. Slick, CARM. Active Obedience
  23. ^ Wayne Grudem. The Active Obedience of Christ. Monergism.com. 
  24. ^ GotQuestions.org. What is propitiation?
  25. ^ The Free Dictionary. Reconcile.
  26. ^ Ibid., Retroactive.
  27. ^ John Owen. An Exposition of the Epistle to the Hebrews. Taken from the TheWord Bible Software. In loc.
  28. ^ David N. Steele, Curtis C. Thomas, S. Lance Quinn. The Five Points of Calvinism: Defined, Defended, and Documented. (Phillipsburg, N.J.: P & R Publications. 2004). pp. 6-7.
  29. ^ As cited in Nathan W. Bingham, Charles Spurgeon on Calvinism — Definite Atonement. (28-03-2012, Ligonier Ministries).
  30. ^ The argument was cited from Reformed.org.
  31. ^ John Owen. The Death Of Death In The Death Of Christ. (Edinburgh: Banner of Truth Trust. 1959, 2013 reprint). p. 45.
  32. ^ Ibid., pp. 67-68.
  33. ^ Ibid., p. 68.
  34. ^ Ibid., p. 69.
  35. ^ Ibid., pp. 70-71.
  36. ^ Ibid., pp. 71-74.
  37. ^ Ibid., p. 89.
  38. a, b Ibid., p. 96.
  39. ^ Ibid., p. 98.
  40. ^ Ibid., p. 99.
  41. ^ Ibid., p. 100.
  42. ^ Ibid., p. 101.
  43. ^ Ibid., p. 111.
  44. a, b Ibid., p. 113.
  45. a, b, c Ibid., p. 121.
  46. ^ Ibid., p. 124.
  47. ^ Ibid., p. 131.
  48. ^ Ibid., pp. 131-132.
  49. ^ Ibid., p. 132.
  50. ^ Ibid., p. 137.
  51. ^ Ibid., p. 146.
  52. ^ Ibid., p. 150.
  53. ^ Ibid., p. 15...

1689 Baptist Confession Chapter 7: Of God's Covenant - Commentary

...span style="color: #00ccff;"a new covenant with the house of Israel and the house of Judah,

(Jeremiah 31:31)

 


Footnotes

  1. ^ Many Scriptural references have been supplied by Samuel Waldron’s Modern Exposition of 1689 Baptist Confession of Faith which was apparently supplied by the Westminster Confession of Faith 1646.
  2. ^ Wikipedia. Covenant Theology
  3. ^ Theopedia. Covenant
  4. ^ Nehemiah Coxe in Nehemiah Coxe & John Owen. Covenant Theology: From Adam To Christ. Edited by Ronald D. Miller, James M. Renihan, Francisco Orozco. (Palmdale, CA: Reformed Baptist Academic Press, 2005). p. 36.
  5. ^ As cited in Jeffrey D. Johnson, “The Fatal Flaw of Infant Baptism: The Dichotomous Nature of the Abrahamic Covenant” in Recovering A Covenantal Heritage: Essays In Baptist Covenant Theology. Edited by Richard C. Barcellos. (Palmdale, CA: RBAP, 2014). p. 230, n. 10
  6. ^ Arthur W. Pink. The Divine Covenants. (Memphis, TN: Bottom of the Hill Publishing, 2011). p. 26.
  7. ^ Richard C. Barcellos. Getting the Garden Right: Adam’s Work and God’s Rest in Light of Christ. (Cape Coral, FL: Founders Press, 2017). pp. 56-66.
  8. ^ Coxe, Covenant Theology. pp. 36-37.
  9. ^ Richard Barcellos. The Covenant of Works: Its Confessional and Scriptural Basis. (Palmdale, CA: RBAP, 2016). p. 53.
  10. ^ Pascal Denault. The Distinctiveness of Baptist Covenant Theology: A Comparison Between Seventeenth-Century Particular Baptist and Paedobaptist Federalism. (Solid Ground Christian Books. 2013). p. 28.
  11. ^ Coxe, From Adam To Christ. pp. 37-38.
  12. ^ Barcellos, Getting the Garden Right. pp. 57-58.
  13. ^ Samuel D. Renihan. The Mystery of Christ: His Covenant and His Kingdom. (FL: Founders Press, 2019). p. 66.
  14. ^ John Owen. “An Exposition Of Hebrews 8:6-13” in Covenant Theology: From Adam To Christ. p. 178.
  15. ^ Coxe, From Adam to Christ. p. 49.
  16. ^ Pink, Divine Covenants. p. 31.
  17. ^ ibid., p. 27.
  18. ^ Barcellos, Getting the Garden Right. p. 67.
  19. ^ Renihan, Mystery of Christ. p. 33.
  20. ^ ibid., p. 35.
  21. ^ ibid., p. 67.
  22. ^ ibid., p. 88.
  23. ^ Coxe, From Adam To Christ. p. 90.
  24. ^ Renihan, Mystery of Christ. p. 74.
  25. ^ Covenant of Redemption. Read also the section about Phraseology.
  26. ^ Theopedia. Covenant Theology
  27. ^ Micah and Samuel Renihan, “Reformed Baptist Covenant Theology and Biblical Theology” in Recovering A Covenantal Heritage. p. 476. The essay, in a slightly different form, is also to be found online
  28. ^ Douglas Van Dorn. Covenant Theology: A Reformed Baptist Primer. (Erie, CO: Waters of Creation Publishing, 2014). pp. 37-38.
  29. ^ Renihan, Mystery of Christ. pp. 154-155. Words within brackets are mine.
  30. ^ Benjamin Keach’s Catechism, or the Baptist Catechism. See reference for Q&A number.
  31. ^ Earl M. Blackburn in R. Barcellos, S. Waldron, E. Blackburn, & Paul R. Martin. Going Beyond The Five Points. Ed. by Rob Ventura. (San Bernardino, CA: [CreateSpace Independent Publishing Platform], 2015). p. 150.
  32. ^ Denault, Baptist Covenant Theology. p. 63. ‘The distinction between the revelation and the administration of the Covenant of Grace finds its whole meaning when the second element of Baptist federalism is added to it, that is to say, the full revelation of the Covenant of Grace in the New Covenant. If the Westminster federalism can be summarized in “one covenant under two administrations,” that of the 1689 would be “one covenant revealed progressively and concluded formally under the New Covenant.”’
  33. ^ ibid., p. 64.
  34. a, b John Owen. An Exposition of the Epistle to the Hebrews. Taken from the The...

1689 Baptist Confession Chapter 26: Of the Church - Commentary

...

Footnotes

  1. ^ Alan Dunn. The London Baptist Confession of Faith | Exposition of Chapter 26. Herald Of Grace.
  2. ^ Many Scriptural references have been supplied by Samuel Waldron’s Modern Exposition of 1689 Baptist Confession of Faith which was apparently supplied by the Westminster Confession of Faith 1646.
  3. ^ John L. Dagg. A Manual of Church Order. (Harrisonburg, VA: Sprinkle Pub. 2012, originally 1858). p. 123.
  4. ^ Louis Berkhof. Systematic Theology. (Grand Rapids, Michigan: Banner of Truth Trust. 1963). p. 564.
  5. ^ See for example, Richard L. Pratt Jr., “Infant Baptism in the New Covenant” in The Case For Covenantal Infant Baptism. Ed. Gregg Strawbridge. (Phillipsburg, NJ: P&R Publishing, 2003). pp. 156-174. See also James R. White’s response, “The Newness of the New Covenant: Better Covenant, Better Mediator, Better Sacrifice, Better Ministry, Better Hope, Better Promises (Part 2)” in Recovering A Covenantal Heritage: Essays In Baptist Covenant Theology. Edited by Richard C. Barcellos. (Palmdale, CA: RBAP, 2014). pp. 374-381.
  6. a, b, c, d, e Albert Barnes’ Notes on the Bible. Taken from the TheWord Bible Software. In loc.
  7. ^ Keith Thompson. Does Matthew 16 Teach Peter was the Pope? Exegetical Apologetics, 2018.
  8. a, b, c, d, e John Gill. Exposition of the Entire Bible. Taken from the TheWord  Bible Software. In loc.
  9. ^ Sam E. Waldron. A Modern Exposition Of The 1689 Baptist Confession Of Faith. (Darlington: Evangelical Press, 2013). pp. 388-389.
  10. ^ A. H. Strong. Systematic Theology: A Compendium Designed For The Use Of Theological Students. (London: Pickering & Inglis, 1970. Originally, 1907). p. 887.
  11. ^ Ibid., p. 888.
  12. ^ Stephen J. Wellum, Kirk Wellum, “The Biblical and Theological Case for Congregationalism” in Baptist Foundations: Church Government for an Anti-Institutional Age. Ed. Mark Dever, Jonathan Leeman. (Nashville, Tennessee: B&H Publishing Group. 2015. Ebook). Chapter 3, under the heading “5. The Church as the New Covenant Community Is God’s New Humanity.”
  13. ^ Jonathan Leeman, “A Congregational Approach to Unity, Holiness, and Apostolicity: Faith and Order” in Baptist Foundations. Chapter 18.
  14. ^ Strong, Systematic Theology. p. 887.
  15. ^ Berkhof, Systematic Theology. p. 566.
  16. ^ Wellums in Baptist Foundations. Chapter 3.
  17. ^ Samuel D. Renihan. The Mystery of Christ: His Covenant and His Kingdom. (FL: Founders Press, 2019). pp. 201-203.
  18. ^ Berkhof, Systematic Theology. p. 568.
  19. ^ ibid., p. 570.
  20. ^ Cited in Wayne Grudem, Systematic Theology: An Introduction to Biblical Doctrine. (Grand Rapids, MI: Zondervan, 1994). p. 863. Also in Mark Dever, The Church: The Gospel Made Visible. (Nashville, TN: B & H Academic. 2012). p. 13.
  21. ^ Grudem, Systematic Theology. p. 564.
  22. ^ John M. Frame, Systematic Theology: An Introduction to Christian Belief (Phillipsburg, NJ: P&R Publishing, 2014), p. 1033.
  23. ^ Dever, The Church. p. 13.
  24. ^ Matthew Poole. English Annotations on the Holy Bible. Taken from the TheWord Bible Software. In loc.
  25. ^ John Calvin. Commentaries. Taken from the TheWord Bible Software. In loc.
  26. ^ Catechism of the Catholic Church: With Modifications From The Editio Typica. (Double Day; 2nd edition, 2003). p. 254.
  27. ^ Is the pope the Vicar of Christ? (GotQuestions.org).
  28. ^ Polity. (Webster Dictionary 1828).
  29. ^ Mark Dever and Jonathan Leeman in Baptist Foundations. The preface, under the heading “Heeding Scripture.”
  30. ^ Dagg, Church Order. p. 75.
  31. ^ Strong, Systematic Theology. p. 890.
  32. ^ Dagg, Church Order. p. 79.
  33. ^ Dever, The C...

1689 Baptist Confession Chapter 3: Of God's Decree - Commentary

...s.

 

Our God is in the heavens; he does all that he pleases.

(Psalm 115:3)

Footnotes

  1. ^ Many Scriptural references have been supplied by Samuel Waldron’s Modern Exposition of 1689 Baptist Confession of Faith which was apparently supplied by the Westminster Confession of Faith 1646.
  2. a, b, c, d, e, f, g, h, i John Gill. Exposition of the Entire Bible. Taken from the TheWord Bible Software. In loc.
  3. ^ I’ve taken a look at Joseph Henry Thayer’s Greek Definitions and Mickelson’s Enhanced Strong’s Greek and Hebrew Dictionaries. Both from the TheWord Bible Software.
  4. ^ John MacArthur. The MacArthur Study Bible: English Standard Version. (Wheaton, IL: Crossway Bibles, 2010). p. 1848.
  5. ^ Matthew Poole. English Annotations on the Holy Bible. Taken from the TheWord Bible Software. In loc.
  6. a, b, c, d Albert Barnes’ Notes on the Bible. Taken from the TheWord Bible Software. In loc.
  7. a, b, c, d John Calvin. Commentaries. Taken from the TheWord Bible Software. In loc.
  8. a, b John Piper. The Sovereignty of God: “My Counsel Shall Stand, and I Will Accomplish All My Purpose”
  9. ^ Strong’s H7451 - ra`. (Blue Letter Bible).
  10. ^ Matt Slick. Decretive Will. (CARM.org).
  11. ^ Ibid. Preceptive Will.
  12. ^ The Holy Bible: English Standard Version: The ESV Study Bible. (Wheaton, IL: Crossway Bibles. 2008). p. 2089.
  13. ^ Where divine sovereignty meets human responsibility.
  14. ^ Sam E. Waldron. A Modern Exposition Of The 1689 Baptist Confession Of Faith. (Darlington: Evangelical Press, 2013). pp. 80-81
  15. ^ Wayne Grudem. Systematic Theology: An Introduction to Biblical Doctrine. (Grand Rapids, MI: Zondervan, 1994). p. 684
  16. ^ John Calvin. Institutes Of the Christian Religion. 3.21.5.
  17. ^ Letter to Bishop Mandell Creighton, April 5, 1887 published in Historical Essays and Studies, edited by J. N. Figgis and R. V. Laurence (London: Macmillan, 1907) Taken from Wikipedia
  18. ^ John Calvin. Institutes of the Christian Religion. 3:21:1 (section heading).
  19. ^ Grudem, Systematic Theology. p. 670.
  20. ^ James R. White. The Potter’s Freedom: A Defense of the Reformation and a Rebuttal to Norman Geisler’s Chosen But Free. (Calvary Press Publishing. 2009, New Revised Edition). p. 39
  21. ^ David N. Steele, Curtis C. Thomas, S. Lance Quinn. The Five Points of Calvinism: Defined, Defended, and Documented. (Phillipsburg, N.J.: P & R Publications. 2004). p. 6.
  22. ^ Ibid. pp. 5-6.
  23. ^ Calvin, Institutes. 3.21.3.
  24. a, b Question: “Monergism vs. synergism—which view is correct?” (GotQuestions Ministries). 
  25. ^ What Is Monergism? (Monergism.com). 
  26. ^ The Century Dictionary’s as cited in What Is Monergism?
  27. ^ Synergism. (Wikipedia).
  28. ^ Grudem, Systematic Theology. p. 723.
  29. ^ Calvin, Institutes. 3.21.1.
...

1689 Baptist Confession Chapter 11: Of Justification - Commentary
The 1689 Second Baptist Confession Of Faith Confession Commentary Reformed Baptist Chapter 11 Chapter Eleven Justification Justification By Faith Alone Sola Fide Sola Gratia Imputed Righteousness Infused Righteousness Roman Catholicism Protestantism

...s righteousness, just as David also speaks of the blessing of the one to whom God counts righteousness apart from works

(Romans 4:5-6)

 

Footnotes

  1. ^ Many Scriptural references have been supplied by Samuel Waldron’s Modern Exposition of 1689 Baptist Confession of Faith which was apparently supplied by the Westminster Confession of Faith 1646.
  2. ^ Wayne Grudem. Systematic Theology: An Introduction to Biblical Doctrine. (Grand Rapids, MI: Zondervan, 1994). Chapter 36, p. 723.
  3. ^ Louis Berkhof. Systematic Theology. (Grand Rapids, Michigan: Banner of Truth Trust. 1963). p. 513.
  4. a, b A. H. Strong. Systematic Theology: A Compendium Designed For The Use Of Theological Students. (London: Pickering & Inglis, 1970. Originally, 1907). p. 849. 
  5. ^ Catechism of the Catholic Church.
  6. ^ Taken from Matt Slick at CARM, The Roman Catholic view on justification.
  7. a, b, c, d Charles J. Ellicott. Commentary For English Readers. Taken from the TheWord Bible Software. In loc.
  8. a, b, c, d, e, f John Calvin. Commentaries. Taken from the TheWord Bible Software. In loc.
  9. a, b, c, d, e, f, g, h Albert Barnes’ Notes on the Bible. Taken from the TheWord Bible Software. In loc.
  10. a, b, c, d Joseph Henry Thayer’s Greek Definitions. Taken from the TheWord Bible Software. See reference for the Strong’s number.
  11. ^ William D. Mounce. Mounce’s Complete Expository Dictionary of Old and New Testament Words. (Zondervan, 2006). p. 146.
  12. a, b Robert L. Dabney. Systematic Theology. (Edinburgh: Banner of Truth Trust, 1985). p. 620. 
  13. ^ Ibid., p. 374.
  14. ^ Berkhof, Systematic Theology. pp. 510-511.
  15. ^ Strong, Systematic Theology. p. 853.
  16. a, b, c, d, e, f Matthew Poole. English Annotations on the Holy Bible. Taken from the TheWord Bible Software. In loc.
  17. a, b, c, d, e Philip Schaff. A Popular Commentary on the New Testament. Taken from the TheWord Bible Software. In loc.
  18. ^ Strong, Systematic Theology. p. 855.
  19. a, b, c, d, e John Gill. Exposition of the Entire Bible. Taken from the TheWord Bible Software. In loc.
  20. a, b, c, d The Cambridge Bible for Schools and Colleges. Edited by J. J. S. Perowne. Taken from the TheWord Bible Software. In loc.
  21. ^ International Critical Commentary on the New Testament (ICCNT). Taken from the TheWord Bible Software. In loc.
  22. ^ Berkhof, Systematic Theology. pp. 515-516. 
  23. ^ Dabney, Systematic Theology. p. 627.
  24. ^ The Holy Bible: English Standard Version: The ESV Study Bible. (Wheaton, IL: Crossway Bibles. 2008). p. 2265.
  25. ^ William Robertson Nicoll. The Expositor’s Greek Testament. Taken from the TheWord Bible Software. In loc.
  26. a, b Mickelson’s Enhanced Strong’s Greek and Hebrew Dictionaries. Taken from the TheWord Bible Software. See reference for the Strong’s number.
  27. ^ Johann Albrecht Bengel. Gnomon of the NT. Taken from the TheWord Bible Software. In loc.
  28. a, b, c, d, e, f, g Jamieson, Fausset, Brown. Commentary Critical and Explanatory on the Whole Bible (Abridged). Taken from the TheWord Bible Software. In loc.
  29. ^ Joseph Benson. Commentary on the Old and New Testaments. Taken from the TheWord Bible Software. In loc.
  30. ^ Explaining Regeneration Preceding Faith.
  31. ^ Grudem, Systematic Theology. Chapter 34, p. 704, n. 10.
  32. ^ Counting Faith as Righteousness. Ligonier Ministries.
  33. ^ Dabney, Systematic Theology. p. 638.
  34. ^ John Piper. Faith and the Imputation of Righteousness. Sermon from 1999.
  35. ^ J. L. Dagg. A Manual of Theology. (Harrisonburg, VA: Sprinkle Pub. 2009, originally 1857). pp. 269-270. Can also be found online.
  36. ^ 50 Thing...

1689 Baptist Confession Chapter 22: Of Religious Worship and the Sabbath Day - Commentary
The 1689 Second Baptist Confession Of Faith Confession Commentary Reformed Baptist Chapter 22 Christian Sabbath Sabbath The Lord's Day Fourth Commandment Day Of Worship Day Of Rest Sunday Religious Worship Church

...liJonathan Edwards. The Works of Jonathan Edwards, Volume 2. Revised and corrected by Edward Hickman. (Edinburgh: Banner of Truth Trust, 1974 edition). pp. 93-103.
  • Samuel E. Waldron.
  • John Giarrizzo. The Lord’s Day Still Is. Booklet, 2013.
  • Philip Schaff. The Lord’s Day. Booklet, 2013.
  • A.A. Hodge. Sabbath, The Day Changed: The Sabbath Preserved.
  • Archibald Alexander. A Brief Compendium of Bible Truth. The Lord’s Day. 1846.
  • B.B. Warfield. The Foundations Of The Sabbath In The Word Of God. 1951.
  • Francis Turretin. The Fourth Question – The Lord’s Day. 1679-1685.
  • John Murray.
  • A.W. Pink. The Christian Sabbath.
    • His comments on the fall of Satan being prior to the seventh day so that he does not accept the common understanding of “rest,” I find very strange.
  • Ian Campbell. Why Easter Makes Me a Sabbatarian. The Aquila Report, 2012.
  • Jon English Lee. Biblical Theology and the Transfer of the Sabbath.
  • From Sabbath to Lord’s Day. Green Baggins, 2005.
  • Bob Gonzales
  • Tony Warren. Who Changed the Sabbath Day to Sunday. The Mountain Retreat, 1996.
  • Thomas Shepherd. The Change of The Sabbath.
  • Gleason L. Archer Jr. Encyclopedia Of Bible Difficulties. (Grand Rapids, MI: Zondervan Pub. House, 1982). pp. 116-121.
  • Nicholas T. Batzig. The Theological Significance of the Eighth Day. Feeding On Christ, 2014.
  • Audio Resources
    Video Resources

    The Institution of the Sabbath

    We will deal here with the fact that the Sabbath was instituted on the seventh day of creation as a day of rest for man. It was not something newly introduced on Mt. Sinai, but it is as old as the Creation. If it could be demonstrated that the Sabbath was not instituted at Sinai, but at the Creation, then arguments used against the Sabbath in connection with the passing away of the Mosaic Covenant are useless, since then the Sabbath would transcend the Mosaic Covenant and is not a unique and new part of it. Joseph A. Pipa writes:

    Along with work (Gen 1:28; 2:15) and marriage (Gen 2:18-25), God instituted the Sabbath to govern the lives of all mankind. Just as the ordinances of work...


    1689 Baptist Confession Chapter 29: Of Baptism - Commentary
    The 1689 Second Baptist Confession Of Faith Confession Commentary Reformed Baptist Chapter 29 Baptism Believer's Baptism Immersion Dipping Infant Baptism Covenant Theology 1689 Federalism Westminster Federalism

    ...t-align: center;"Go therefore and make disciples of all nations, baptizing them in the name of the Father and of the Son and of the Holy Spirit

    (Matthew 28:19)

    Footnotes

    1. ^ Many Scriptural references have been supplied by Samuel Waldron’s Modern Exposition of 1689 Baptist Confession of Faith which was apparently supplied by the Westminster Confession of Faith 1646.
    2. ^ Hercules Collins. Believers Baptism from Heaven, and of Divine Institution. Infants Baptism from Earth, and Human Invention Proved from the Commission of Christ, the great Law-giver to the Gospel-Church. With a Brief, yet sufficient Answer to Thomas Wall’s Book, called, Baptism Anatomized, Together with a brief Answer to a part of Mr. Daniel William’s catechism, in his Book unto Youth. (London, 1691). p. 6.
    3. ^ Benjamin Keach. Gold Refin’d, or, Baptism in its Primitive Purity. Edited by Simon Wartanian. (London, 1689). 12.
    4. ^ A. H. Strong. Systematic Theology: A Compendium Designed For The Use Of Theological Students. (London: Pickering & Inglis, 1970. Originally, 1907). p. 931.
    5. ^ Stanford E. Murrell. A Foundation For Faith An Introductory Study of Systematic Theology: With References To The Baptist Confession of Faith of 1689. p. 215.
    6. a, b, c, d, e, f, g, h, i, j, k Albert Barnes’ Notes on the Bible. Taken from the TheWord Bible Software. In loc.
    7. a, b Jamieson, Fausset, Brown. Commentary Critical and Explanatory on the Whole Bible (Full). Taken from the TheWord Bible Software. In loc.
    8. ^ Thomas Patient. The Doctrine of Baptism, And the Distinction of the Covenant. Edited by Simon Wartanian (London, 1654). p. 22. Italics original.
    9. ^ Wayne Grudem. Systematic Theology: An Introduction to Biblical Doctrine. (Grand Rapids, MI: Zondervan, 1994). p. 969, n. 7. 
    10. a, b, c, d, e, f, g, h, i, j, k, l, m, n John Gill. Exposition of the Entire Bible. Taken from the TheWord Bible Software. In loc.
    11. ^ Strong, Systematic Theology. p. 945.
    12. ^ Richard C. Barcellos, “An Exegetical Appraisal of Colossians 2:11-12” in Recovering A Covenantal Heritage: Essays In Baptist Covenant Theology. Edited by Richard C. Barcellos. (Palmdale, CA: RBAP, 2014). p. 459.
    13. ^ William D. Mounce. Basics of Biblical Greek: Grammar. (Grand Rapids, MI: Zondervan. Third Edition, 2013). p. 195.
    14. ^ Understanding How Greek Verbs Work. (Blue Letter Bible). Emphasis original.
    15. ^ Glossary of grammatical terms. Emphasis original.
    16. ^ Barcellos, “Colossians 2:11-12”
    17. a, b Ibid, p. 463.
    18. ^ Ibid, p. 466.
    19. ^ Ibid, p. 467.
    20. a, b, c John Calvin. Commentaries. Taken from the TheWord Bible Software. In loc.
    21. ^ William D. Mounce. Mounce’s Complete Expository Dictionary of Old and New Testament Words. (Zondervan, 2006). p. 1150.
    22. ^ Henry George Liddell, Scott Robert, Henry Stuart Jones. Liddell-Scott-Jones Lexicon of Classical Greek. Retrieved from TheWord Bible Software. See reference for the Strong’s number.
    23. ^ Hercules Collins. The Antidote Proved a Counterfeit or Error Detected, and Believers Baptism Vindicated. (London, 1693). p. 13.
    24. ^ John Owen in Covenant Theology: From Adam To Christ. Edited by Ronald D. Miller, James M. Renihan, Francisco Orozco. (Palmdale, CA: Reformed Baptist Academic Press, 2005). p. 198.
    25. ^ Token. (The Free Dictionary).
    26. ^ Seal. (Webster’s 1913 Dictionary).
    27. ^ Mounce, Expository Dictionary. p. 620.
    28. ^ Pledge. (The Free Dictionary).
    29. a, b An Appendix. Second Baptist Confession Of Faith Of 1689.
    30. ^ Collins, Believers Baptism from Heaven. pp. 12-13. Italics original.
    31. ^ Keach, Gold Refin’d....

    1689 Baptist Confession Chapter 17: Of The Perseverance of the Saints - Commentary
    The 1689 Second Baptist Confession Of Faith Confession Commentary Reformed Baptist Perseverance Of The Saints Preservation Of The Saints Assurance Of Salvation Eternal Security Apostasy Falling Away. Hebrews 6

    ... style="text-align: center;"(John 10:27-28)


    Footnotes

    1. ^ Wayne Grudem. Systematic Theology: An Introduction to Biblical Doctrine. (Grand Rapids, MI: Zondervan, 1994). p. 788.
    2. ^ Many Scriptural references have been supplied by Samuel Waldron’s Modern Exposition of 1689 Baptist Confession of Faith which was apparently supplied by the Westminster Confession of Faith 1646.
    3. a, b, c, d, e, f, g, h, i Joseph Henry Thayer’s Greek Definitions. Taken from the TheWord Bible Software. See reference for the Strong’s number.
    4. ^ William D. Mounce. Mounce’s Complete Expository Dictionary of Old and New Testament Words. (Zondervan, 2006). pp. 993-994, number 1011.
    5. ^ Ibid., p. 1289, number 5457.
    6. ^ The Free Dictionary, Discipline
    7. a, b, c, d John Calvin. Commentaries. Taken from the TheWord Bible Software. In loc.
    8. a, b, c John Gill. Exposition of the Entire Bible. Taken from the TheWord Bible Software. In loc.
    9. a, b Jamieson, Fausset, Brown. Commentary Critical and Explanatory on the Whole Bible (Abridged). Taken from the TheWord Bible Software. In loc.
    10. ^ Cambridge Greek Testament for Schools and Colleges. Taken from the TheWord Bible Software. In loc.
    11. ^ John MacArthur. The MacArthur Study Bible: English Standard Version. (Wheaton, IL: Crossway Bibles, 2010). p. 1812, note on 1:3.
    12. ^ Mickelson’s Enhanced Strong’s Greek and Hebrew Dictionaries. Taken from the TheWord Bible Software. G5461.
    13. a, b, c, d, e John Owen. Exposition of Hebrews. in loc. See also Greek Testament Critical Exegetical Commentary on this word here.
    14. ^ “And for this [rite] we have learned from the apostles this reason. Since at our birth we were born without our own knowledge or choice, by our parents coming together, and were brought up in bad habits and wicked training; in order that we may not remain the children of necessity and of ignorance, but may become the children of choice and knowledge, and may obtain in the water the remission of sins formerly committed, there is pronounced over him who chooses to be born again, and has repented of his sins, the name of God the Father and Lord of the universe; he who leads to the laver the person that is to be washed calling him by this name alone. For no one can utter the name of the ineffable God; and if any one dare to say that there is a name, he raves with a hopeless madness. And this washing is called illumination, because they who learn these things are illuminated in their understandings. And in the name of Jesus Christ, who was crucified under Pontius Pilate, and in the name of the Holy Ghost, who through the prophets foretold all things about Jesus, he who is illuminated is washed.” Justin Martyr. Apology, chapter 61.
    15. ^ Grudem, Systematic Theology. Chapter 40, p. 797.
    16. ^ Matthew Henry. Complete Commentary. Hebrews 6.
    17. a, b, c Arthur W. Pink. Exposition of Hebrews. Chapter 24
    18. ^ Grudem, Systematic Theology. pp. 797-798, n. 15.
    19. ^ John Owen writes on the word “taste”: “The expression of tasting is metaphorical, and signifies no more but to make a trial or experiment; for so we do by tasting, naturally and properly, of that which is tendered unto us to eat. We taste such things by the sense given us naturally to discern our food; and then either receive or refuse them, as we find occasion. It doth not, therefore, include eating, much less digestion and turning into nourishment of what is so tasted; for its nature being only thereby discerned, it may be refused, yea, though we like its relish and savor, upon...

    1689 Baptist Confession Chapter 19: Of the Law of God - Commentary
    The 1689 Second Baptist Confession Of Faith Confession Commentary Reformed Baptist Chapter 19 Law Of God Law Of Moses Law Of Christ Moral Law Decalogue Ten Commandments Thomas Watson John Calvin Robert Dabney Westminster Standards Catechism Civil Law Judicial Law Ceremonial Law Threefold Division Of The Law

    ...llos_LawWritings.pdf"http://www.1689federalism.com/wp-content/uploads/2014/11/Barcellos_LawWritings.pdf
  • ^ Ibid. p. 2.
  • ^ Ibid. pp. 2-3.
  • ^ Many Scriptural references have been supplied by Samuel Waldron’s Modern Exposition of 1689 Baptist Confession of Faith which was apparently supplied by the Westminster Confession of Faith 1646.
  • ^ William D. Mounce. Physis
  • a, b, c, d, e, f, g, h, i, j, k, l, m, n, o, p Albert Barnes. Barnes’ New Testament Notes. Taken from the TheWord Bible Software. In loc.
  • a, b, c, d, e, f, g, h, i, j, k, l, m, n John Calvin. Commentaries. Taken from the TheWord Bible Software. In loc.
  • a, b, c, d, e, f John Gill. Exposition of the Entire Bible. Taken from the TheWord Bible Software. In loc.
  • ^ Philip S. Ross. From the Finger of God: The Biblical and Theological Basis for the Threefold Division of the Law. (Fearn, Ross-shire, Scotland: Christian Focus, 2010). pp. 114-115.
  • ^ Ibid., p. 111.
  • a, b, c, d bid., p. 108
  • ^ Ibid. pp. 109-110.
  • ^ Ibid. p. 159.
  • ^ Ibid. p. 282, note 65.
  • a, b, c, d, e, f, g, h, i, j, k, l, m The Westminster Larger Catechism.
  • a, b, c Thomas Watson, The Ten Commandments. Chapter 1.3.
  • ^ Calvin, Institutes, 2.8.15
  • a, b, c Watson, Ten Commandments. Chapter 2.1.
  • ^ Calvin, Institutes. 2.8.16.
  • ^ The Athanasian Creed.
  • ^ Robert L. Dabney. Systematic Theology. (Edinburgh: Banner of Truth Trust, 1985, originally 1871). p. 358. Scripture references have been modernized in all citations.
  • ^ Ibid., p. 361.
  • ^ Calvin, Institutes, 2.8.17
  • a, b, c, d, e, f, g, h, i, j Benjamin Keach. The Baptist Catechism
  • a, b Watson, Ten Commandments. Chapter 2.2
  • ^ Thomas Vincent. A Family Instructional Guide.
  • ^ Pastor Joe V. Why Did John Calvin and the Reformers Forbid All Images of the Divine Persons?
  • ^ John Murray. Pictures of Christ and the Second Commandment
  • ^ The Holy Bible: English Standard Version: The ESV Study Bible. Wheaton, IL: Crossway Bibles (2008). Taken from the Online Version at www.esvbible.org. in loc.
  • a, b, c Watson, Ten Commandments. Chapter 2.3
  • ^ I will at least be reading the 4 perspectives book on the Sabbath, Robert Paul Martin’s new book on the Christian Sabbath, Joseph A. Pipa’s The Lord Day, various writings from Dabney on the Sabbath, Jonathan Edwards and I hope also to read some from A.W. Pink and Owen.
  • a, b, c Watson, Ten Commandments. Chapter 2.4
  • a, b  Chapter 2.5
  • ^ Calvin, Institutes. 2.8.38
  • ^ Noah Webster. Webster’s Dictionary 1828. Murder
  • ^ Noah Webster. Webster’s 1913 Dictionary. Kill
  • ^ J. Warner Wallace. The Difference Between Killing and Murdering.
  • ^ Dabney, Systematic Theology. p. 400.
  • a, b Watson, Ten Commandments. Chapter 2.6.
  • ^ Dabney, Systematic Theology. p. 407.
  • ^ Joseph Henry Thayer’s Greek Definitions. Taken from the TheWord Bible Software. G4202
  • ^ Calvin, Institutes 2.8.45.
  • a, b Watson, Ten Commandments. Chapter 2.8
  • ^ Calvin, Institutes 2.8.47.
  • ^ The Free Dictionary. Slander
  • ^ Watson, Ten Commandments. Chapter 2.9
  • ^ Calvin, Institutes 2.8.48.
  • ^ Ibid., 2:8:49.
  • a, b, c Watson, Ten Commandments. Chapter 2.10
  • ^ John MacArthur. The MacArthur Study Bible: English Standard Version. (Wheaton, IL: Crossway Bibles, 2010). p. 1789, note on Colossians 3:5.
  • ^ Kenneth L. Barker, Donald W. Burdick, & Kenneth Boa. Zondervan NASB Study Bible. (Grand Rapids, MI: Zondervan Pub. House., 1999). p. 1724, note on Ephesians 5:5.
  • ^ Calvin, Institutes. 2.8.51.
  • ^ C. P. Arand, C. L. Blomberg, S. MacCarty, & J. A. Pipa. Perspectives on th...

  • 1689 Second Baptist Confession of Faith Highlighted
    1689 Second Baptist Confession Of Faith Creed Calvinist Reformed Baptist

    ...er
  • Of the State of Man after Death, and of the Resurrection of the Dead
  • Of the Last Judgement
  • (More) Scriptural references have been added from Sam Waldron’s excellent Modern Exposition of 1689 Baptist Confession of Faith.


    Chapter 1: Of the Holy Scriptures [Return] [Commentary]

    1. The Holy Scripture is the only sufficient, certain, and infallible rule of all saving knowledge, faith, and obedience 1, although the light of nature, and the works of creation and providence do so far manifest the goodness, wisdom, and power of God, as to leave men inexcusable 2; yet are they not sufficient to give that knowledge of God and his will which is necessary unto salvation 3. Therefore it pleased the Lord at sundry times and in divers manners to reveal himself, and to declare that his will unto his church 4; and afterward for the better preserving and propagating of the truth, and for the more sure establishment and comfort of the church against the corruption of the flesh, and the malice of Satan, and of the world, to commit the same wholly unto writing; which maketh the Holy Scriptures to be most necessary 5, those former ways of God’s revealing his will unto his people being now ceased. 6
      1. Isa. 8:20; Luke 16:29; Eph. 2:20; 2 Tim. 3:15-17
      2. Ps. 19:1-3; Rom. 1:19-21, 32; 2:12a, 14-15
      3. Ps. 19:1-3 with vv. 7-11; Rom. 1:19-21; 2:12a, 14-15 with 1:16-17; and 3:21
      4. Heb. 1:1-2a
      5. Prov. 22:19-21; Luke 1:1-4; 2 Peter 1:12-15; 3:1; Deut. 17:18ff; 31:9ff, 19ff; 1 Cor. 15:1; 2 Thess. 2:1-2, 15; 3:17; Rom. 1:8-15; Gal. 4:20; 6:11; 1 Tim. 3:14ff; Rev. 1:9, 19; 2:1 etc.; Rom. 15:4; 2 Peter 1:19-21
      6. Heb. 1:1-2a; Acts 1:21-22; 1 Cor. 9:1; 15:7-8; Eph. 2:20
    2. Under the name of Holy Scripture, or the Word of God written, are now contained all the books of the Old and New Testaments, which are these: 
      OF THE OLD TESTAMENT OF THE NEW TESTAMENT
      Genesis Matthew
      Exodus Mark
      Leviticus Luke
      Numbers John
      Deuteronomy Paul’s Epistle to the Romans
      Joshua  I Corinthians & II Corinthians
      Judges Galatians
      Ruth Ephesians
      I Samuel & II Samuel Philippians
      I Kings & II Kings Colossians
      I Chronicles, II Chronicles I Thessalonians & II Thessalonians
      Ezra I Timothy & II Timothy
      Nehemiah To Titus
      Esther To Philemon
      Job The Epistle to the Hebrews
      Psalms Epistle of James
      Proverbs The first and second Epistles of Peter
      Ecclesiastes The first, second, and third Epistles of John
      The Song of Solomen The Epistle of Jude
      Isaiah The Revelation
      Jeremiah  
      Lamentations  
      Ezekiel  
      Daniel  
      Hosea  
      Joel  
      Amos  
      Obadiah  
      Jonah  
      Micah  
      Nahum  
      Habakkuk  
      Zephaniah  
      Haggai  
      Zechariah  
      Malachi   

            All of which are given by the inspiration of God, to be the rule of faith and life. 1

    1. The books commonly called Apocrypha, not being of divine inspiration, are no part of the canon or rule of the Scripture, and, therefore, are of no authority to the church of God, nor to be any otherwise approved or made use of than other human writings. 1
      1. Luke 24:27, 44; Rom. 3:2
    1. The authority of the Holy Scripture, for which it ought to be believed, dependeth not upon the testimony of any man or church, 1 but wholly upon God (who is truth itself), the author thereof; therefore it is to be received because it is the Word of God. 2
      1. 2 Tim. ...