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1689 Baptist Confession Chapter 7: Of God's Covenant - Commentary

...li data-footnote-id="3xmtc" id="footnote-36">^ Denault, Baptist Covenant Theology. p. 63 [footnotes references removed].
  • ^ Ibid. pp. 64-67 [footnote references removed].
  • a, b ESV Study Bible. (Crossway, 2008). Taken from the Online Version at www.esvbible.org
  • ^ John M. Frame. Systematic Theology: An Introduction to Christian Belief. (Phillipsburg, NJ: P&R Publishing, 2014). p. 68, footnote references removed.
  • ^ Coxe, From Adam to Christ. p. 67.
  • a, b, c, d John Gill. Exposition of the Entire Bible. Taken from the TheWord Bible Software. In loc.
  • ^ Renihan, Mystery of Christ. p. 83.
  • ^ Coxe, From Adam to Christ. p. 111.
  • ^ Pink, Divine Covenants. p. 96.
  • ^ Coxe, From Adam To Christ. p. 135.
  • ^ Benjamin Keach. Gold Refin’d, or, Baptism in its Primitive Purity. Edited by Simon Wartanian. (London, 1689). p. 75.
  • ^ Coxe, From Adam To Christ. p. 116.
  • ^ Jeffrey D. Johnson, “The Fatal Flaw of Infant Baptism: The Dichotomous Nature of the Abrahamic Covenant” in Recovering A Covenantal Heritage. p. 226.
  • ^ ibid., pp. 237-238.
  • ^ Pink, Divine Covenants. pp. 82-83.
  • ^ ibid., p. 83.
  • ^ Denault, Baptist Covenant Theology. p. 116.
  • ^ Coxe, From Adam To Christ. pp. 72-73.
  • ^ ibid., pp. 90-91.
  • ^ Pink, Divine Covenants. p. 100.
  • ^ ibid., p. 110.
  • ^ I have, by reading Jeffrey Johnson’s works, the Fatal Flaw and the Kingdom of God, changed my position concerning whether the Mosaic offered eternal life or not. When writing the article at first I did not believe that it offered eternal life and used Lev. 18:5 for this point, but now I argue also using Lev. 18:5 that the Mosaic did offer eternal life, but no one was able to obtain it, except Christ the Lord. I’m not completely certain on this point, and could change.
  • ^ Thomas E. Hicks, Jr., “John Owen on the Mosaic Covenant” in Recovering A Covenantal Heritage. p. 185.
  • ^ Van Dorn, Covenant Theology. pp. 99-100.
  • ^ Pink, Divine Covenants. p. 107.
  • ^ ibid., p. 109.
  • ^ Owen, An Exposition of the Epistle to the Hebrews. Hebrews 8:6, but it can also be found in the Coxe/Owen volume pp. 187-188.
  • ^ ibid., but it can also be found in the Coxe/Owen volume, pp. 197-198.
  • ^ Pink, Divine Covenants. p. 161.
  • ^ Johnson, “The Fatal Flaw of Infant Baptism: The Dichotomous Nature of the Abrahamic Covenant”. p. 232.
  • ^ Pink, Divine Covenants. p. 175.
  • a, b Owen. An Exposition of the Epistle to the Hebrews. Taken from the TheWord Bible Software. But it can also be found in the Coxe/Owen volume pp. 172-174.
  • ^ Denault, Baptist Covenant Theology. p. 71.
  • ^ ibid, p. 72.
  • ^ Owen. An Exposition of the Epistle to the Hebrews. In loc. But it could also be found on pp. 178-179 of the Coxe/Owen volume.
  • ^ Renihan, Mystery of Christ. p. 150.
  • ^ ibid., pp. 171-173.
  • ^ Keach, Gold. p. 76.
  • ...

    1689 Baptist Confession Chapter 14: Of Saving Faith - Commentary

    ...um (Gen. 3:15); Noah being warned about the Flood and the building of the ark; the promises to Abraham. The ground of these promises or warnings was God Himself and His truthfulness. There was no way for Noah to know that a global flood would come. For Abraham, it was against nature to believe that he could be a father at the age of 99, but he believed because of God’s authority. Paul teaches that our faith rests upon the resurrection of Christ (1 Cor. 15:12-17). We were not there when Christ was raised, but we believe God’s testimony about His Risen Son. Our faith rests upon the testimony and truth of God as revealed to us in His Word and by His Spirit.

    From the various Systematic Theology texts which I own, Hodge was the only one to spend considerable time about the ground of faith, therefore, another quote is in order to glean and learn from his wisdom:

    When, therefore, a Christian is asked, Why he believes the Scriptures and the doctrines therein contained, his simple answer is, On the testimony or authority of God. How else could he know that the worlds were created by God, that our race apostatized from God, that He sent his Son for our redemption, that faith in Him will secure salvation. Faith in such truths can have no other foundation than the testimony of God. If asked, How God testifies to the truth of the Bible? If an educated man whose attention has been called to the subject, he will answer, In every conceivable way: by signs, wonders, and miracles; by the exhibition which the Bible makes of divine knowledge, excellence, authority, and power. If an uneducated man, he may simply say, “Whereas I was blind, now I see.” Such a man, and indeed every true Christian, passes from a state of unbelief to one of saving faith, not by any process of research or argument, but of inward experience. The change may, and often does, take place in a moment. The faith of a Christian in the Bible is, as before remarked, analogous to that which all men have in the moral law, which they recognize not only as truth, but as having the authority of God. What the natural man perceives with regard to the moral law the renewed man is enabled to perceive in regard to “the things of the Spirit,” by the testimony of that Spirit with and by the truth to his heart.[41]

    The Blessings of Faith

    Scripture is filled with statements as to the fruits of faith. The Confession explicitly mentions a few: “justification, sanctification, and eternal life, by virtue of the covenant of grace.” The following blessings of the covenant are said to come by or through faith:

    Justification: Justification is by faith through grace (e.g. Eph. 2:8-9; Rom. 3:22, 28; 5:1; Gal. 2:16). Faith is not the reason for justification. Neither is it the ground. The only reason and ground of justification is the active and passive obedience of Christ. Faith merely receives Christ Who has done everything for our justification. See chapter 11.

    Sanctification: We are not justified by faith and then left to be sanctified by works. Christians are described as “those who are sanctified by faith in me” (Acts 26:18). Galatians 5:6 says that faith works through love, which is a growing fruit of holiness. See chapter 13.

    Eternal life: The most popular verse of the Bible declares: “For God so loved the world, that he gave his only Son, that whoever believes in him should not perish but have eternal life” (John 3:16, 36; 6:40, 54, 68; 10:27-28). This eternal life is not only endless lif...


    1689 Baptist Confession Chapter 13: Of Sanctification - Commentary

    ...mes Strong. Cyclopedia of Biblical, Theological and Ecclesiastical Literature. Taken from the TheWord Bible Software. “Sanctification”
  • ^ Mounce, Dictionary. p. 1071, entry 39.
  • ^ Louis Berkhof. Systematic Theology. (Grand Rapids, Michigan: Banner of Truth Trust. 1963). p. 527.
  • a, b Mounce, Dictionary. p. 338.
  • a, b Berkhof, Systematic Theology. p. 528.
  • ^ Ibid., pp. 528-529.
  • ^ Ibid., p. 532.
  • ^ Wayne Grudem. Systematic Theology: An Introduction to Biblical Doctrine. (Grand Rapids, MI: Zondervan, 1994). Chapter 38, p. 746.
  • ^ Berkhof, Systematic Theology. p. 532.
  • a, b, c John Calvin. Commentaries. Taken from the TheWord Bible Software. In loc.
  • a, b, c, d, e, f, g, h Albert Barnes’ Notes on the Bible. Taken from the TheWord Bible Software. In loc.
  • ^ Joseph Benson. Commentary on the Old and New Testaments. Taken from the TheWord Bible Software. In loc.
  • a, b, c Jamieson, Fausset, Brown. Commentary Critical and Explanatory on the Whole Bible (Abridged). Taken from the TheWord Bible Software. In loc.
  • a, b The Cambridge Bible for Schools and Colleges. Edited by J. J. S. Perowne. Taken from the TheWord Bible Software. In loc.
  • ^ James P. Boyce. Abstract of Systematic Theology. (Hanford, CA: Den Dulk Christian Foundation. 2000, originally 1887). p. 411. Also found online here
  • ^ John M. Frame. Systematic Theology: An Introduction to Christian Belief. (Phillipsburg, NJ: P&R Publishing, 2014). p. 986.
  • ^ A. H. Strong. Systematic Theology: A Compendium Designed For The Use Of Theological Students. (London: Pickering & Inglis, 1970. Originally, 1907). p. 869.
  • ^ Berkhof, Systematic Theology. p. 532. 
  • ^ Ibid., p. 536.
  • ^ Frame, Systematic Theology. p. 987.
  • ^ Boyce, Abstract. p. 415.
  • ^ Philip Schaff. A Popular Commentary on the New Testament. Taken from the TheWord Bible Software. In loc.
  • a, b Adam Clarke. Commentary And Critical Notes On The Bible. Taken from the TheWord Bible Software. In loc.
  • ^ Boyce, Abstract. p. 412.
  • ^ Frame, Systematic Theology. p. 988.
  • ^ Grudem, Systematic Theology. p. 755.
  • ^ Frame, Systematic Theology. pp. 989-992.
  • ^ Robert L. Dabney. Systematic Theology. (Edinburgh: Banner of Truth Trust, 1985, originally 1871). pp. 665-666.
  • ^ Boyce, Abstract. pp. 418-421.
  • ^ Berkhof, Systematic Theology. pp. 535-536.
  • ^ Strong, Systematic Theology. p. 874.
  • ^ J. L. Dagg. A Manual of Theology. (Harrisonburg, VA: Sprinkle Pub. 2009, originally 1857). p. 286.
  • ^ Boyce, Abstract. pp. 418-419.
  • a, b Dabney, Systematic Theology. p. 666.
  • ^ Dagg, Manual. pp. 286-287.
  • ^ Grudem, Systematic Theology. p. 747.
  • ^ Charles J. Ellicott. Commentary For English Readers. Taken from the TheWord Bible Software. In loc.
  • ^ Berkhof, Systematic Theology. p. 533.
  • ^ Dabney, Systematic Theology. p. 663.
  • ^ Grudem, Systematic Theology. p. 756.
  • ^ Ibid., p. 749.
  • ^ Berkhof, Systematic Theology. pp. 534-535.
  • ...

    1689 Baptist Confession Chapter 22: Of Religious Worship and the Sabbath Day - Commentary

    ... 7, part 8.
  • Getting the Garden Right: Adam’s Work and God’s Rest in Light of Christ. (Cape Coral, FL: Founders Press, 2017).
  • Roger T. Beckwith, Wilfrid Stott. This Is The Day: The Biblical Doctrine Of The Christian Sunday In Its Jewish And Early Church Setting. (London: Marshall, Morgan and Scott. 1978, 181 pp. Out of print). Can be found online.
  • Robert L. Dabney.
  • Charles Hodge. Systematic Theology, Volume 3. 1872. § 8. The Fourth Commandment.
  • A. H. Strong. Systematic Theology: A Compendium Designed For The Use Of Theological Students. (London: Pickering & Inglis, 1970. Originally, 1907). pp. 408-410.
  • Thomas Watson.
  • Ezekiel Hopkins. An Exposition Of The Ten Commandments. 1690. The Fourth Commandment. pp. 192-224.
  • Jonathan Edwards. The Works of Jonathan Edwards, Volume 2. Revised and corrected by Edward Hickman. (Edinburgh: Banner of Truth Trust, 1974 edition). pp. 93-103.
    • Three sermons entitled, “The Perpetuity and Change of the Sabbath” which could also be found online:
  • Samuel E. Waldron.
  • John Giarrizzo. The Lord’s Day Still Is. Booklet, 2013.
  • Philip Schaff. The Lord’s Day. Booklet, 2013.
  • A.A. Hodge. Sabbath, The Day Changed: The Sabbath Preserved.
  • Archibald Alexander. A Brief Compendium of Bible Truth. The Lord’s Day. 1846.
  • B.B. Warfield. The Foundations Of The Sabbath In The Word Of God. 1951.
  • Francis Turretin. The Fourth Question – The Lord’s Day. 1679-1685.
  • John Murray.
  • A.W. Pink. The Christian Sabbath.
    • His comments on the fall of Satan being prior to the seventh day so that he does not accept the common understanding of “rest,” I find very strange.
  • Ian Campbell. Why Easter Makes Me a Sabbatarian. Reformation 21, 2012.
  • Jon English Lee. Biblical Theology and the Transfer of the Sabbath.
  • From Sabbath to Lord’s Day. Green Baggins, 2005.
  • Bob Gonzales
  • Tony Warren. Who Changed the Sabbath Day to Sunday. The Mountain Retreat, 1996.
  • Thomas Shepherd. The Change of The Sabbath.
  • Gleason L. Archer Jr. Encyclopedia Of Bible Difficulties. (Grand Rapids, MI: Zondervan Pub. House, 1982). pp. 116-121.
  • Nicholas T. Batzig. The Theological Significance of the Eighth Day. Feeding On Christ, 2014.
  • Audio Resources

    1689 Baptist Confession Chapter 29: Of Baptism - Commentary

    ...eader>

    Footnotes

    1. ^ Many Scriptural references have been supplied by Samuel Waldron’s Modern Exposition of 1689 Baptist Confession of Faith which was apparently supplied by the Westminster Confession of Faith 1646.
    2. ^ A. H. Strong. Systematic Theology: A Compendium Designed For The Use Of Theological Students. (London: Pickering & Inglis, 1970. Originally, 1907). p. 931.
    3. ^ Stanford E. Murrell. A Foundation For Faith An Introductory Study of Systematic Theology: With References To The Baptist Confession of Faith of 1689. p. 215.
    4. a, b, c, d, e, f, g, h, i, j Albert Barnes’ Notes on the Bible. Taken from the TheWord Bible Software. In loc.
    5. a, b Jamieson, Fausset, Brown. Commentary Critical and Explanatory on the Whole Bible (Full). Taken from the TheWord Bible Software. In loc.
    6. ^ Wayne Grudem. Systematic Theology: An Introduction to Biblical Doctrine. Zondervan (1994). p. 969, n. 7. 
    7. a, b, c, d, e, f, g, h, i, j, k, l, m John Gill. Exposition of the Entire Bible. Taken from the TheWord Bible Software. In loc.
    8. ^ Strong, Systematic Theology. p. 945.
    9. ^ Recovering A Covenantal Heritage: Essays In Baptist Covenant Theology. Edited by Richard

      ...

    1689 Baptist Confession Chapter 2: Of God and of the Holy Trinity - Commentary

    ...1425729332&sr=8-1&keywords=sam+waldron"Modern Exposition of 1689 Baptist Confession of Faith which was apparently supplied by the Westminster Confession of Faith 1646.
  • ^ The outlines were taken from Alan Dunn’s exposition of this chapter over at Herald of Grace.
  • ^ John M. Frame. Systematic Theology: An Introduction to Christian Belief. (Phillipsburg, NJ: P&R Publishing, 2014). p. 405.
  • a, b, c, d John Gill. Exposition of the Entire Bible. Taken from the TheWord Bible Software. In loc.
  • ^ Webster’s 1913 Dictionary. Incomprehensible.
  • ^ Wayne Grudem. Systematic Theology: An Introduction to Biblical Doctrine. (Grand Rapids, MI: Zondervan, 1994). p. 150.
  • ^ Webster’s 1913 Dictionary. Immutable.
  • a, b, c Arthur W. Pink. Gleanings in the Godhead. 7. The Immutability of God.
  • ^ A. H. Strong. Systematic Theology: A Compendium Designed For The Use Of Theological Students. (London: Pickering & Inglis, 1970. Originally, 1907). p. 257.
  • ^ Louis Berkhof. Systematic Theology. (Grand Rapids, Michigan: Banner of Truth Trust. 1963). p. 67.
  • a, b, c, d, e John Calvin. Commentaries. Taken from the TheWord Bible Software. In loc.
  • a, b, c, d Albert Barnes’ Notes on the Bible. Taken from the TheWord Bible Software. In loc.
  • a, b, c, d, e Matthew Poole. English Annotations on the Holy Bible. Taken from the TheWord Bible Software. In loc.
  • ^ A.H. Strong, Systematic Theology. p. 258.
  • ^ Anthropopathism. Wikipedia.
  • a, b The Cambridge Bible for Schools and Colleges. Edited by J. J. S. Perowne. Taken from the TheWord Bible Software. In loc.
  • ^ John Peter Lange. Commentary on the Holy Scriptures: Critical, Doctrinal, and Homiletical (25 volumes). Taken from the TheWord Bible Software. In loc.
  • ^ John Piper. The Repentance of God. Desiring God Ministries.
  • ^ R.C. Sproul. Divine Repentance. Reformation Theology.
  • a, b Jamieson, Fausset, Brown. Commentary Critical and Explanatory on the Whole Bible (Full). Taken from the TheWord Bible Software. In loc.
  • ^ Shane Lems. The Repentance of God (Ex. 32:14). Emphasis added.
  • ^ Webster’s 1828 Dictionary. Impassibility.
  • ^ Berkhof, Systematic Theology. p. 60.
  • ^ Webster’s 1913 Dictionary. Absolute.
  • a, b The Cyclopedia of Biblical, Theological and Ecclesiastical Literature. Essence
  • ^ Webster’s 1828 English Dictionary. Essence.
  • ^ Ibid. Substance.
  • ^ The Cyclopedia of Biblical, Theological and Ecclesiastical Literature. Substance.
  • ^ Ibid. Hypostasis.
  • ^ Matt Slick. What is the Trinity? 
  • ^ Ibid. Person.
  • ^ James R. White. The Forgotten Trinity: Recovering the Heart of Christian Belief. (Minneapolis, MN: Bethany House. 1998). p. 26.
  • ^ Grudem, Systematic Theology. p. 226.
  • a, b, c, d, e Charles J. Ellicott. Commentary For English Readers. Taken from the TheWord Bible Software. In loc.
  • ^ White, Forgotten Trinity. pp. 50-51.
  • a, b International Critical Commentary on the New Testament (ICCNT). Taken from the TheWord Bible Software. In loc.
  • a, b, c The Cambridge Bible for Schools and Colleges. Edited by J. J. S. Perowne. Taken from the TheWord Bible Software. In loc.
  • a, b, c, d, e Philip Schaff. A Popular Commentary on the New Testament. Taken from the TheWord Bible Software. In loc.
  • ^ James R. White. The King James Only Controversy. (Minneapolis, MN: Bethany House. 2009, originally 1995). pp. 251-252.
  • ^ Strong, Systematic Theology. p. 306.
  • ^ White, KJV Controversy. pp. 334-335.
  • ^ Cambridge Greek Testament for Schools and Colleges. Taken from the TrecoheWord Bible Software. In loc.
  • ^ The Holy Bible: English St...

  • 1689 Baptist Confession Chapter 11: Of Justification - Commentary

    ...eader

    Footnotes

    1. ^ Many Scriptural references have been supplied by Samuel Waldron’s Modern Exposition of 1689 Baptist Confession of Faith which was apparently supplied by the Westminster Confession of Faith 1646.
    2. ^ Wayne Grudem. Systematic Theology: An Introduction to Biblical Doctrine. (Grand Rapids, MI: Zondervan, 1994). Chapter 36, p. 723.
    3. ^ Louis Berkhof. Systematic Theology. (Grand Rapids, Michigan: Banner of Truth Trust. 1963). p. 513.
    4. a, b A. H. Strong. Systematic Theology: A Compendium Designed For The Use Of Theological Students. (London: Pickering & Inglis, 1970. Originally, 1907). p. 849. 
    5. ^ Catechism of the Catholic Church.
    6. ^ Taken from Matt Slick at CARM, The Roman Catholic view on justification.
    7. a, b, c, d Charles J. Ellicott. Commentary For English Readers. Taken from the TheWord Bible Software. In loc.
    8. a, b, c, d, e, f John Calvin. Commentaries. Taken from the TheWord Bible Software. In loc.
    9. a, b, c, d, e, f, g, h Albert Barnes’ Notes on the Bible. Taken from the TheWord Bible Software. In loc.
    10. a, b, c, d Joseph Henry Thayer’s Greek Definitions. Taken from the TheWord Bible Software. See reference for the Strong’s number.
    11. ^ William D. Mounce. Mounce’s Complete Expository Dictionary of Old and New Testament Words. (Zondervan, 2006). p. 146.
    12. a, b Robert L. Dabney. Systematic Theology. (Edinburgh: Banner of Truth Trust, 1985). p. 620. 
    13. ^ Ibid., p. 374.
    14. ^ Berkhof, Systematic Theology. pp. 510-511.
    15. ^ Strong, Systematic Theology. p. 853.
    16. a, b, c, d, e, f Matthew Poole. English Annotations on the Holy Bible. Taken from the TheWord Bible Software. In loc.
    17. a, b, c, d, e Philip Schaff. A Popular Commentary on the New Testament. Taken from the TheWord Bible Software. In loc.
    18. ^ Strong, Systematic Theology. p. 855.
    19. a, b, c, d, e John Gill. Exposition of the Entire Bible. Taken from the TheWord Bible Software. In loc.
    20. a, b, c, d The Cambridge Bible for Schools and Colleges. Edited by J. J. S. Perowne. Taken from the TheWord Bible Software. In loc.
    21. ^ International Critical Commentary on the New Testament (ICCNT). Taken from the TheWord Bible Software. In loc.
    22. ^ Berkhof, Systematic Theology. pp. 515-516. 
    23. ^ Dabney, Systematic Theology. p. 627.
    24. ^ The Holy Bible: English Standard Version: The ESV Study Bible. (Wheaton, IL: Crossway Bibles. 2008). p. 2265.
    25. ^ William Robertson Nicoll. The Expositor’s Greek Testament. Taken from the TheWord Bible Software. In loc.
    26. a, b Mickelson’s Enhanced Strong’s Greek and Hebrew Dictionaries. Taken from the TheWord Bible Software. See reference for the Strong’s number.
    27. ^ Johann Albrecht Bengel. Gnomon of the NT. Taken from the TheWord Bible Software. In loc.
    28. a, b, c, d, e, f, g Jamieson, Fausset, Brown. Commentary Critical and Explanatory on the Whole Bible (Abridged). Taken from the TheWord Bible Software. In loc.
    29. ^ Joseph Benson. Commentary on the Old and New Testaments. Taken from the TheWord Bible Software. In loc.
    30. ^ Explaining Regeneration Preceding Faith.
    31. ^ Grudem, Systematic Theology. Chapter 34, p. 704, n. 10.
    32. ^ Counting Faith as Righteousness. Ligonier Ministries.
    33. ^ Dabney, Systematic Theology. p. 638.
    34. ^ John Piper. Faith and the Imputation of Righteousness. Sermon from 1999.
    35. ^ J. L. Dagg. A Manual of Theology. (Harrisonburg, VA: Sprinkle Pub. 2009, originally 1857). pp. 269-270. Can also be found online.
    36. ^ 50 Things the Holy Spirit Does.
    37. ^ Dagg, Manual. p. 274.
    38. ^ John Flavel. Eternal Justification? Banner Of...

    Review of Wayne Grudem's Systematic Theology

    ...ection> ...

    1689 Baptist Confession Chapter 17: Of The Perseverance of the Saints - Commentary

    ...p://www.wordmodules.com/the-word-modules/file/286-works-of-john-gill/"Exposition of the Entire Bible. Taken from the TheWord Bible Software. Hebrews 6:4-9. Can also be read at here.
  • Arthur W. Pink. Exposition of Hebrews. Taken from the TheWord Bible Software. Chapters 24-27. His commentary on Hebrews 6 can be found here.
  • Wayne Grudem. Systematic Theology: An Introduction to Biblical Doctrine. (Grand Rapids, MI: Zondervan, 1994). Chapter 40.
  • John M. Frame. Systematic Theology: An Introduction to Christian Belief. (Phillipsburg, NJ: P&R Publishing, 2014). Chapter 44.
  • J. Ligon Duncan III – Falling Away? (Sermon)
  • Mathew Poole - English Annotations on the Holy Bible. Commentary on Hebrews 6, here.
  • William Burkitt – Expository Notes with Practical Observations on the New Testament. Commentary on Hebrews 6, here
  • Albert Barnes - Notes on the New Testament. Commentary on Hebrews 6, here. He accepts that the descriptions describe a true Christian, but rejects that it is possible for a true Christian to apostatize.
  • Robert Jamieson, Andrew Robert Fausset, David Brown – Commentary Critical and Explanatory on the Whole Bible. Commentary on Hebrews 6, here.
  • Matthew Henry – Complete Commentary on the Bible. Commentary on Hebrews 6, here.
  • Bob Utley – You Can Understand The Bible (Not that explicit). Commentary on Hebrews 6, here and here.
  • John Owen – Exposition of Hebrews. Commentary on Hebrews 6, here.
  • Steven J. Cole – Lesson 17: When Repentance Becomes Impossible (Hebrews 6:4-8).
  • The passage describes regenerate believers who have fallen away:

    I have collected some commentaries, articles, and sermons on this passage in a document which you can download (it does not include all the commentaries listed above).

    I believe that the passage speaks about false believers and warns those who have sat under the preaching of the Word of God, the manifestation of the Spirit’s work and who themselves have professed to belong to Christ that they will perish eternally without no possibility of true repentance if they do not have true faith. The description is not definitive proof that those spoken of are true believers, because the analogy in vv. 7-8 moves us to say that those spoken of were unbelievers from the start. I don’t claim that by me consulting articles and commentaries on this passage that I will have an answer to every question on this passage. But what I do want to claim is that there are interpretations which are credible and do not force us to deny other biblical doctrines (i.e., the Perseverance of the Saints). I do want to stress the context of Hebrews that it is an epistle written to Hebrew Christians steeped into the Old Testament and Israel’s history, therefore I will try to interpret it with this in mind and not try to make a modern application every time.

    Audience

    Who are the ones being described in this passage? Is the audience the ones being described in vv. 4-6? No, they are not. Rather, they are a different group spoken of in the third person (“those” v. 4, “them…they…their own” v. 6). The Author is not describing his present audience. In fact, he explicitly says that in v. 9. Previous to this passage the author spoke in the plural “you” to the audience (e.g. Heb. 5:1...


    1689 Baptist Confession Chapter 31: Of the State of Man after Death and Of the Resurrection of the Dead - Commentary

    ...ith Hades to be an interesting discussion. But I do not in any way imply that I have reached a final conclusion on their meaning, yet I find myself persuaded by Dr. Shedd’s thorough case. There is evidence from the New Testament (Luke 16:19-31) that Hades is called “a place of torment.” Therefore, it is irrelevant to the point I wanted to prove under this section, which was that the wicked go directly into punishment after death, what the relationship is between Sheol and Hades and what their nature exactly is. It is sufficient that Luke 16 describes it as a place of torment. If you want to read more on the subject of Sheol and Hades check:

    • Louis Berkhof. Systematic Theology. (Grand Rapids, Michigan: Banner of Truth Trust. 1963). pp. 681-686.
    • Anthony A. Hoekema. The Bible And The Future. (Grand Rapids, MI: Eerdmans, 1979). pp. 95-101. (He interacts with Berkhof)
    • Sam E. Waldron. A Modern Exposition Of The 1689 Baptist Confession Of Faith. (Darlington: Evangelical Press, 2013). pp. 493-498.
    • William G. T. Shedd. Dogmatic Theology. Volume 2. (Originally published in 1888). pp. 591-609, 619-640. (This is thorough. Refutation of the two-compartments theory, Sheol means the grave or the place of punishment for the wicked, the righteous go to Heaven)

    Dr. Shedd, concluding his study on Hades and Sheol, writes:

    From this examination of texts, it appears that Sheol in the Old Testament has the same two significations that Hades has in the New. The only difference is that in the Old Testament, Sheol less often in proportion to the whole number of instances denotes “hell” and more often the “grave” than Hades does in the New Testament. And this, for the reason that the doctrine of future retribution was more fully revealed and developed by Christ and his apostles than it was by Moses and the prophets.
    If after this study of the biblical data, there still be doubt whether Sheol and Hades.[10]

    Another passage which speaks about the torments of the wicked in the Intermediate State is 2 Peter 2:9. There, we read that the unrighteous are kept under punishment until the day of judgment. They are said to be kept under punishment until the solemn day of judgment, as the angels and the present world are (2Pet. 2:4; 3:7). They are under punishment now, but a greater punishment will they receive on the day of judgment when they will have to answer for every thought, word, and deed. There is no second chance after death (Heb. 9:27; the rich man and Lazarus) and that’s why it is important to heed the call of the Gospel. We cannot escape God’s just punishment if we do not heed the Gospel. The Gospel is the way to escape from God’s wrath, otherwise, we stand naked before His holy wrath.

    “There is no peace,” says the LORD, “for the wicked.” 

    (Isaiah 48:22)


    §2 The Parousia

    1. At the last day, such of the saints as are found alive, shall not sleep, but be changed; and all the dead shall be raised up 2 with the selfsame bodies, and none other; although with different qualities, which shall be united again to their souls forever. 5
      1. 1 Cor. 15:50-53; 2 Cor. 5:1-4; 1 Thess. 4:17
      2. Dan. 12:2; John 5:28-29; Acts 24:15
      3. Job 19:26-27; John 5:28-29; 1 Cor 15:35-38, 42-44
      4. 1 Cor. 15:42-44, 52-54
      5. Dan. 12:2; Matt. 25:46

    At the last day...saints that are found alive will be changed and not sleep, i.e., not die first (1Thess. 4:15-17; 1Cor. 15:50-53). They basically receive the resurrection body withou...