After the Millennium, the Last Battle, and the resurrection(s), the Great White Throne Judgment will take place, then the eternal state will be ushered in–the New Heavens and New Earth.
Although Dispensationalism is the most popular eschatology in the church nowadays, it is fairly recent from the 1830’s in Church History. Furthermore, I believe that it is the weakest and most damaging of the four major views because of its novelty and separation of the singular people of God, among other things. The following is a list of events which Dispensationalists generally expect:
- Rapture (phase 1 of the Second Coming):
- Resurrection of New Covenant saints.
- Catching up and transformation of the Church.
- Restoration and conversion of Israel.
- The Seventieth Week Of Daniel 9 (seven years):
- Conversion of the 144,000 Jewish (evangelist) believers.
- Antichrist will make a covenant with Israel.
- Old Covenant worship and ceremonial system restored.
- Intense persecution of the Jews by the Antichrist in the last 3,5 years.
- The Second Coming (phase 2 of the Second Coming):
- Armageddon/Destruction of Antichrist.
- Resurrection of the Old Testament believers.
- Resurrection of Tribulation saints.
- The Millennium:
- Old Testament prophecies literally fulfilled.
- Old Covenant ceremonial system restored, with the Temple, priesthood and sacrifices.
- Israel will be the head, and the Gentiles the tail.
- Resurrection of the Wicked.
- Resurrection of Millennium Saints (views are unclear).
- The Final Judgment.
- The New Heavens and New Earth.
The following is diagram of Dispensational eschatology:
In addition to the problems with Historic Premillennialism, which are common with Dispensationalism, I see the following problems with this system.
It is obviously a recent innovation starting with John Nelson Darby in the 1830’s and is certainly not confessional. Dispensationalists reject Covenant Theology (chapter 7), the abiding validity of the moral Law of God (chapter 19), the Christian Sabbath (chapter 22), and the eschatology of the Confession (chapter 31) among other things. But the biblical problems are greater.
First of all, its novel idea that the Church and Israel are a separate people of God. From the earliest times of the Church, the Church saw itself as coming in place of Israel as the people of God. Dispensationalists derogatorily refer to this as Replacement Theology. Call it what you want, the Scriptures teach that the Church, Jewish and Gentile believers, are the Israel of God and the history of Christian theology up to Darby proves this. If you would read the old commentators, they would always refer to the Old Testament prophecies of restoration and prosperity as relating to the Church as the singular people of God. No doubt, a lot of the commentators saw also a latter day restoration of Israel (e.g. John Gill does this very often), but not as a separate people of God. But there came a change with the prominence of Dispensationalism, and the promises ...