The Staunch Calvinist

"Absolute sovereignty is what I love to ascribe to God." - Jonathan Edwards


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1689 Baptist Confession Chapter 31: Of the State of Man after Death and Of the Resurrection of the Dead - Commentary Matt. 7:22-23 On that day many will say to me, ‘Lord, Lord…I never knew you; depart from me… John 12:48 …the word that I have spoken will judge him on the last day. 2 Pet. 3:10 But the day of the Lord…heavens will pass away…and the earth and the works that are done on it will be exposed. Mk 8:38 …ashamed of me…the Son of Man also be ashamed when he comes… General Judgment and Reward Rom. 2:5-6, 16day of wrath when God’s righteous judgment will be revealed…He will render to each one according to his works:…on that day when, according to my gospel, God judges the secrets of men by Christ Jesus. 1 Cor. 3:13 each one’s work will become manifest, for the Day will disclose it, because it will be revealed by fire, and the fire will test what sort of work each one has done. Matt. 13:30 Let both grow together until the harvest, and at harvest time I will tell the reapers, Gather the weeds first and bind them in bundles to be burned, but gather the wheat into my barn.’” Matt. 13:49 …at the end of the age…separate the evil from the righteous. Matt. 25:32, 46 Before him will be gathered all the nations, and he will separate people one from another…And these will go away into eternal punishment, but the righteous into eternal life.” Matt. 13:47-50 …sorted the good into containers but threw away the bad. So it will be at the end of the age… angels will come out and separate the evil from the righteous… 2 Cor. 5:10 For we must all appear before the judgment seat of Christ, so that each one may receive what is due for what he has done in the body, whether good or evil. 1 Cor. 4:5 …do not pronounce judgment before the time, before the Lord comes, who will bring to light the things now hidden in darkness and will disclose the purposes of the heart. Then each one will receive his commendation from God. Rapture, Resurrection, Judgment, Restoration 1 Cor. 15:23-28 …at his coming those who belong to Christ…Then comes the end, when he delivers the kingdom to God the Father after destroying every rule and every authority and power…death… 1 Cor. 15:50-58 …flesh and blood cannot inherit the kingdom of God…a mystery. We shall not all sleep, but we shall all be changed, in a moment, in the twinkling of an eye, at the last trumpet…dead will be raised imperishable, and we shall be changed…this mortal body must put on immortality…“Death is swallowed up in victory.”… Matt. 13:37-43 …The harvest is the end of the age…weeds are gathered and burned with fire, so will it be at the end of the age…Then the righteous will shine like the sun in the kingdom of their Father… General Resurrection John 5:28-29an hour is coming…resurrection of life…resurrection of judgment. Acts 24:15 …there will be a resurrection of both the just and the unjust. Dan. 12:2 ….sleep in the dust of the earth shall awake, some to everlasting life, and some to shame and everlasting contempt. John 11:24 …“I know that he will rise again in the resurrection on the last day.” Day of Salvation & Reward for the Elect John 6:39 …raise it up on the last day. (vv. 40, 44, 54) 1 Cor. 1:8 who will sustain you to the end, guiltless in the day of our Lord Jesus Christ. 1 Cor. 5:5 you are to deliver this man to Satan for the destruction of the flesh, so that his spirit may be saved in the day of the Lord. 2Tim. 4:8 …crown of righteousness…will award to...

Extensive review of Jonathan Menn's Biblical Eschatology

...ond coming of Christ as entailing the judgment of all people, believers and unbelievers alike: Matt 13:24–30, 36–51; 16:27; 24:42–51; 25:14–30, 31–46; Luke 12:35–48; 17:22–37; 19:12–27; 21:26–28; John 5:25–29; 1 Cor 4:5; 2 Thess 1:6–10; 2 Tim 4:1; Jas 5:7–9; Rev 11:18; 19:11–21; 20:11–15; 22:12.
  • Christ’s second coming brings with it the destruction or cleansing of the present world and the restoration of creation: Acts 3:19–21; Rom 8:17–25; Heb 1:10–12; 2 Pet 3:3–15.
  • The Bible furthermore “teaches that there is one general resurrection, and one General Judgment, of both believers and unbelievers” (p. 55). Dr. Menn explains:

    The day of judgment is always spoken of in the singular, e.g., “day of judgment” (Matt 10: 15; 11:22–24; 12:36); “that day” (Matt 7:22; Luke 10:12); “the judgment” (Luke 10:14; 11:31); “a day in which he will judge the world” (Acts 17:31); “a day of wrath” (Rom 2:5); “a day of judgment” (2 Pet 3:7); “the day of judgment” (1 John 4:17); “the great day of their [God’s and the Lamb’s] wrath” (Rev 6:17); “the time for the dead to be judged” (Rev 11:18); “the great day of God” (Rev 16:14). That day—which in- volves both resurrection and judgment—takes place on “the last day,” the “end of the age.”

    The universality of the judgment is specified in the following passages: Acts 17:31 says, “He has fixed a day in which He will judge the world in righteousness through a Man whom He has appointed, having furnished proof to all men by raising Him from the dead.” Jesus says in Rev 22:12, “I am coming quickly, and my reward is with me, to render to every man according to what he has done.” Acts 10:42; 2 Tim 4:1; 1 Pet 4:5 all speak of Christ who will judge “the living and the dead.”

    The presence of believers and unbelievers being present together is made clear in the following passages which speak of those who are vindicated and those who are condemned at the same judgment: In Matt 12:35–37…Rom 2:5–8…Rev 11:18…Matt 12:39-42... (pp. 55-56)

    He then goes on to give passage which bring all these items together. But before he does that, he first dispels the contention which is often brought up where absence of evidence is adduces as evidence of absence. In his own words:

    When we see the overlap of multiple passages, we clearly see that the second coming of Christ is equivalent to “the last day,” “the end of the age,” and “the day of the Lord,” and it entails resurrection, judgment, and renewal of the earth. In other words, if A includes B; and B includes C; then A also includes C. Or, to put it another way, if in one place A is said to include B; and elsewhere A is said to include C; then we may conclude that A includes both B and C.

    By simple logic, since the resurrection is one and is said to be happen on “the last day” (John 6:39; 11:24), since the judgment is one and said to happen on &ldquo


    Review of Dean Davis' The High King of Heaven on Amillennialism said by Dean Davis. We expect:

    1. The Last Battle
      • The final clash between God and Satan, Christ and the Antichrist, the Church and the World
    2. The Parousia
      • The visible and glorious coming of the King of kings and the Lord of lords
    3. The Resurrection
      • This is the one and final general resurrection of all men from Adam onward. Both just and unjust, righteous and wicked, elect and reprobate.
    4. The Last Judgment
      • Here is the General Judgment of all men and angels. Those who are in Christ will receive their reward and be welcomed into the Kingdom of their Father. Those of the wicked both men and angels will be thrown into the lake of fire and will receive proper retribution.
    5. The Restoration of all Things or the Regeneration
      • This is the restoration, renewal, recreation, transformation, glorification of the present cosmos into the New Heavens and the New Earth (Acts 3:21; Mt 19:28)
    6. The Delivering Up of the Kingdom
      • This will be done after the Lord Jesus Christ, the Son of God will create the New Heavens and the New Earth and deliver them to His Father.

    Of special importance was this for me, although it was established through the whole book that we should expect one resurrection, judgment and Parousia, but now Dean goes more deeply and deals with related texts and shows that they indeed support basic Amillennial eschatology.

    The One Second Coming

    There is one and only one glorious and visible coming of our blessed Lord Jesus.

    There are three words used in the NT when speaking of the Second Coming that are describing different aspects of the Second Coming.

    1. παρουσία (Parousia)[5]
    1. presence
    2. the coming, arrival, advent  
      1. the future visible return from heaven of Jesus, to raise the dead, hold the last judgment, and set up formally and gloriously the kingdom of God
    1. ἀποκάλυψις (Apokalupsis)[6]
    1. laying bear, making naked
    2. a disclosure of truth, instruction
      1. concerning things before unknown 
      2. used of events by which things or states or persons hitherto withdrawn from view are made visible to all
    3. manifestation, appearance 
    1. ἐπιφάνεια (Epiphaneia)[7]
      1. an appearing, appearance

    It is of importance to notice the way that the Bible many times speaks of THE coming of our Lord.

    • The coming of the Son of Man” (Mt. 24:27, 37, 39)
    • “…establish your hearts blameless in holiness before our God and Father, at the coming of our Lord Jesus with all his saints.” (1Thess 3:13)
    • “…we who are alive, who are left until the coming of the Lord…” (1Thess 4:15)
    • “…may your whole spirit and soul and body be kept blameless at the coming of our Lord Jesus Christ.” (1Thess 5:23)
    • “Now concerning the coming of our Lord Jesus Christ and our being gathered together to him…” (2Thess 2:1)
    • “Be patient, therefore, brothers, until the coming of the Lord... for the coming of the Lord is at hand.” (Jas 5:7-8)
    • “… as you wait for the revealing of our Lord Jesus Christ,” (1Cor 1:7)
    • “… tested by fire—may be found to result in praise and glory and honor at the revelation of Jesus Christ.” (1Pet 1:7)
    • “… set your hope fully on the grace that will be brought to you at the revelation of Jesus Christ.” (1Pet 1:13)
    • “…bring to nothing by the appearance of his coming (τῇ ἐπιφανείᾳ τῆς παρουσίας αὐτοῦ).” (2Thess 2:8)
    • “to keep the commandment unstained and free from reproach until the appearing of ou...