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1689 Baptist Confession Chapter 29: Of Baptism - Commentary

... and of Divine Institution. Infants Baptism from Earth, and Human Invention Proved from the Commission of Christ, the great Law-giver to the Gospel-Church. With a Brief, yet sufficient Answer to Thomas Wall’s Book, called, Baptism Anatomized, Together with a brief Answer to a part of Mr. Daniel William’s catechism, in his Book unto Youth. (London, 1691). p. 6.
  • ^ Benjamin Keach. Gold Refin’d, or, Baptism in its Primitive Purity. Edited by Simon Wartanian. (London, 1689). 12.
  • ^ A. H. Strong. Systematic Theology: A Compendium Designed For The Use Of Theological Students. (London: Pickering & Inglis, 1970. Originally, 1907). p. 931.
  • ^ Stanford E. Murrell. A Foundation For Faith An Introductory Study of Systematic Theology: With References To The Baptist Confession of Faith of 1689. p. 215.
  • a, b, c, d, e, f, g, h, i, j, k Albert Barnes’ Notes on the Bible. Taken from the TheWord Bible Software. In loc.
  • a, b Jamieson, Fausset, Brown. Commentary Critical and Explanatory on the Whole Bible (Full). Taken from the TheWord Bible Software. In loc.
  • ^ Thomas Patient. The Doctrine of Baptism, And the Distinction of the Covenant. Edited by Simon Wartanian (London, 1654). p. 22. Italics original.
  • ^ Wayne Grudem. Systematic Theology: An Introduction to Biblical Doctrine. (Grand Rapids, MI: Zondervan, 1994). p. 969, n. 7. 
  • a, b, c, d, e, f, g, h, i, j, k, l, m, n John Gill. Exposition of the Entire Bible. Taken from the TheWord Bible Software. In loc.
  • ^ Strong, Systematic Theology. p. 945.
  • ^ Richard C. Barcellos, “An Exegetical Appraisal of Colossians 2:11-12” in Recovering A Covenantal Heritage: Essays In Baptist Covenant Theology. Edited by Richard C. Barcellos. (Palmdale, CA: RBAP, 2014). p. 459.
  • ^ William D. Mounce. Basics of Biblical Greek: Grammar. (Grand Rapids, MI: Zondervan. Third Edition, 2013). p. 195.
  • ^ Understanding How Greek Verbs Work. (Blue Letter Bible). Emphasis original.
  • ^ Glossary of grammatical terms. Emphasis original.
  • ^ Barcellos, “Colossians 2:11-12”
  • a, b Ibid, p. 463.
  • ^ Ibid, p. 466.
  • ^ Ibid, p. 467.
  • a, b, c John Calvin. Commentaries. Taken from the TheWord Bible Software. In loc.
  • ^ William D. Mounce. Mounce’s Complete Expository Dictionary of Old and New Testament Words. (Zondervan, 2006). p. 1150.
  • ^ Henry George Liddell, Scott Robert, Henry Stuart Jones. Liddell-Scott-Jones Lexicon of Classical Greek. Retrieved from TheWord Bible Software. See reference for the Strong’s number.
  • ^ Hercules Collins. The Antidote Proved a Counterfeit or Error Detected, and Believers Baptism Vindicated. (London, 1693). p. 13.
  • ^ John Owen in Covenant Theology: From Adam To Christ. Edited by Ronald D. Miller, James M. Renihan, Francisco Orozco. (Palmdale, CA: Reformed Baptist Academic Press, 2005). p. 198.
  • ^ Token. (The Free Dictionary).
  • ^ Seal. (Webster’s 1913 Dictionary).
  • ^ Mounce, Expository Dictionary. p. 620.
  • ^ Pledge. (The Free Dictionary).
  • a, b An Appendix. Second Baptist Confession Of Faith Of 1689.
  • ^ Collins, Believers Baptism from Heaven. pp. 12-13. Italics original.
  • ^ Keach, Gold Refin’d. pp. 75-76.
  • ^ The best summary for the case against the canonical inclusion of Mark 16:9-20 that I’ve read is Daniel M. Doriani, “Matthew 28:18-20 and the Institution of Baptism” in The Case For Covenantal Infant Baptism. Ed. Gregg Strawbridge. (Phillipsburg, NJ: P&R Publishing, 2003). pp. 43-48. See also James R. White. The King James Only Controversy: Can You Trust Modern Translations? (Bloomington, MN: Bethany House Pub...

  • Benjamin Keach's Gold Refined, or Baptism in its Primitive Puirty (1689) transcribed and formatted

    I’ve found myself lately to be diving into the subject of baptism again and especially searching old resources. Some great books were transcribed and available at Reformed Baptist Disk, but many more are not yet transcribed or properly formatted. But there are a lot of works which are available in scanned form (especially on Google Books) and image-to-text form on Early English Books. I first came across these sites and resources thanks to Samuel Renihan’s blog post. Tip: use the Wayback Machine to access some (currently) dead links. I’ve also formatted Isaac Backus’ A Short Description of the Difference between the Bond-Woman and the Free, but it still needs a proof read. But I will post it here soon, Lord willing. But for now:

    Benjamin Keach – Gold Refin’d, or Baptism in its Primitive Purity (1689)

    See the book here.

    If you find any mistakes and would like to report them, then feel free to respond back to this message or message me at

    1689 Baptist Confession Chapter 7: Of God's Covenant - Commentary

    ...otnote-43" data-footnote-id="gwgw2">^ Coxe, From Adam to Christ. p. 111.
  • ^ Pink, Divine Covenants. p. 96.
  • ^ Coxe, From Adam To Christ. p. 135.
  • ^ Benjamin Keach. Gold Refin’d, or, Baptism in its Primitive Purity. Edited by Simon Wartanian. (London, 1689). p. 75.
  • ^ Coxe, From Adam To Christ. p. 116.
  • ^ Jeffrey D. Johnson, “The Fatal Flaw of Infant Baptism: The Dichotomous Nature of the Abrahamic Covenant” in Recovering A Covenantal Heritage. p. 226.
  • ^ ibid., pp. 237-238.
  • ^ Pink, Divine Covenants. pp. 82-83.
  • ^ ibid., p. 83.
  • ^ Denault, Baptist Covenant Theology. p. 116.
  • ^ Coxe, From Adam To Christ. pp. 72-73.
  • ^ ibid., pp. 90-91.
  • ^ Pink, Divine Covenants. p. 100.
  • ^ ibid., p. 110.
  • ^ I have, by reading Jeffrey Johnson’s works, the Fatal Flaw and the Kingdom of God, changed my position concerning whether the Mosaic offered eternal life or not. When writing the article at first I did not believe that it offered eternal life and used Lev. 18:5 for this point, but now I argue also using Lev. 18:5 that the Mosaic did offer eternal life, but no one was able to obtain it, except Christ the Lord. I’m not completely certain on this point, and could change.
  • ^ Thomas E. Hicks, Jr., “John Owen on the Mosaic Covenant” in Recovering A Covenantal Heritage. p. 185.
  • ^ Van Dorn, Covenant Theology. pp. 99-100.
  • ^ Pink, Divine Covenants. p. 107.
  • ^ ibid., p. 109.
  • ^ Owen, An Exposition of the Epistle to the Hebrews. Hebrews 8:6, but it can also be found in the Coxe/Owen volume pp. 187-188.
  • ^ ibid., but it can also be found in the Coxe/Owen volume, pp. 197-198.
  • ^ Pink, Divine Covenants. p. 161.
  • ^ Johnson, “The Fatal Flaw of Infant Baptism: The Dichotomous Nature of the Abrahamic Covenant”. p. 232.
  • ^ Pink, Divine Covenants. p. 175.
  • a, b Owen. An Exposition of the Epistle to the Hebrews. Taken from the TheWord Bible Software. But it can also be found in the Coxe/Owen volume pp. 172-174.
  • ^ Denault, Baptist Covenant Theology. p. 71.
  • ^ ibid, p. 72.
  • ^ Owen. An Exposition of the Epistle to the Hebrews. In loc. But it could also be found on pp. 178-179 of the Coxe/Owen volume.
  • ^ Renihan, Mystery of Christ. p. 150.
  • ^ ibid., pp. 171-173.
  • ^ Keach, Gold. p. 76.
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