Benjamin Coxe, the father of Nehemiah Coxe, one of the framers of the Confession, observed the four following things on 1 Corinthians 10:16-17:
1. True believers rightly receiving this Holy Sacrament, are thereby assured of their partaking of the benefits of Christ's death.
2. All they who do outwardly receive this Sacrament do therein make an outward profession of receiving Christ crucified, and partaking of the benefits of Christ's death.
3. This Sacrament does teach and assure all true believing communicants, that they being many persons, are yet one mystical body, because they are all partakers of one and the same Jesus Christ, of whose body the bread is an ordained token and pledge in this Sacrament.
4. They who join together in outward receiving of this Sacrament do both join together in the profession of the same faith in Christ, and also do profess themselves to be (in the judgment of charity, which they now mutually profess concerning each other) fellow members of the same mystical body, as being all fed with the same spiritual food.
§2 Only A Memorial Of That One Offering Up Of Himself By Himself
- In this ordinance Christ is not offered up to his Father, nor any real sacrifice made at all for remission of sin of the quick or dead, but only a memorial of that one offering up of himself by himself upon the cross, once for all; 1 and a spiritual oblation of all possible praise unto God for the same. 2 So that the popish sacrifice of the mass, as they call it, is most abominable, injurious to Christ's own sacrifice the alone propitiation for all the sins of the elect.
- John 19:30; Heb. 9:25-28; 10:10-14; Luke 22:19; 1 Cor. 11:24-25
- Matt. 26:26-27, 30 with Heb 13:10-16
This paragraph begins by first saying what the Lord's Supper is not and then moves to define what it is. In the Lord's Supper, Christ is not offered up to His Father, nor any real sacrifice is made for the remission of the sin of the quick or dead Holy Scripture does not speak in this way about the Lord's Supper. All these are additions and contrary to the heart of the Gospel. But this is the doctrine of the popish sacrifice of the mass, which is most abominable because it is injurious to Christ's own sufficient and once-for-all propitiation for all the sins of the elect. Christ's sacrifice is the only ground for the remission of our sins and not also the unbloody sacrifice of the Mass.
What what is the Lord's Supper then positively described? The Lord's Supper is only a memorial of that one offering up of Himself by Himself upon the cross, once for all. The Lord's Supper brings to mind the sacrifice of Christ and the benefits which we enjoy through it. It does not present an unbloody sacrifice of Christ taking place now, but it points back to the once for all sacrifice 2000 years ago on that cross of Calvary. The Lord Supper is also a spiritual oblation, i.e., an offering, of all possible praise unto God for the once for all sacrifice of Christ....